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Sure enough my good friend MIKE PACKARD didn't fail me again, and so off we go swooping past the "G" on the hill for PLEASANT GROVE....seen 5 o 6 pictures back in the panoramic shot of Mount Timpanogos and its foothills. We swoop around past Mount Baldy and down into
Battle Creek Canyon....
BATTLE CREEK CANYON MASSACRE
By Kade Dallin, Brigham Young University & Bryce Revelli, Brigham Young
Historical information regarding a skirmish between Utes and Mormon militia.
This site highlights the fraught relationship that often existed between white
settlers and Native Americans in Utah Territory. The Battle Creek Marker is in
what is now known as Pleasant Grove, Utah.
Here, on the morning of March 5, 1849, the relationship between Mormon settlers
and a local band of Timpanogos Indians deteriorated into brutal hostility.
On March 1, 1849, a company of men from Salt Lake City were called up
to find a group of Indians that were accused of stealing horses and cattle from
Mormon settlers. Their orders [from Brigham Young] were to find the band of thieves and to
“take such measures as would put a final end to their depredations in the futures.”
Eventually the leader of the company, Captain John Scott, received messages
that stated the rogue Timpanogos had not taken any horses, but they had only
However, he and his men were ordered to continue the expedition into
the Utah Valley. After a meeting with a local tribal leader and help from an Indian
guide, the armed company, apparently by then comprising from 35 to 50
Mormon settlers, found the cattle thieves’ camp. They surrounded the camp,
and attempted to negotiate a peace. The suspected cattle thieves refused,
and after the situation escalated, fighting broke out.
After the fighting ended, the Mormon company had killed 4 Indians, and sustained
zero casualties themselves. After the battle, the chief of the Indians that the company
had met with the night before, whose name was Little-Chief, came riding up
to the site of the battle. After seeing the massacre, Little-Chief was distraught.
Although he reportedly agreed that the killing of the thieves was justified,
he understood this would cause a rift to form between white settlers and local tribes.
The effects of this conflict were far reaching, and permanently damaged the
already delicate relationship between the Native American tribes and the
Mormon settlers. After this event, the creek and canyon
became known as Battle Creek.
Untitledhttps://www.world-of-waterfalls.com/waterfalls/american-southwest-battle-creek-falls/Untitledhttps://www.blackhawkproductions.com/fortutah.htmUntitledBattle Creek Markerhttps://utahhistoricalmarkers.org/c/uc/battle-creek/Skip Interactive Map
NOW MY COMMENTS
First a clarification of the authors comments of the previous history. This matter dealt with "Timpanogos" not "Ute" Native Americans. The difference:
The Timpanogos is a centuries-old band of the Snake-Shoshone. They are not members of the Ute Tribe and never were. The Timpanogos today live on the Uinta Basin Reservation in Utah and are distinctly different in origin, ancestral bloodlines, language, and customs.
Now to my summary of the history
On March 10, Brigham Young called for 30 families to leave and settle in Utah Valley. Part of them continued on to Provo, others remained near the site of the March 5th skirmish and for a number of years the community was called BATTLE CREEK. Later it was changed to the present name of PLEASANT GROVE.
The Battle Creek Massacre was the first in a long chain of “massacres” and “wars” between the Mormon pioneers and the Native Americans. The next in 1850 was the PROVO RIVER MASSACRE that occurred near the site of Deseret Industries and the Provo River in North Provo. Eventually from 1865 to 1872 ensued the BLACK HAWK WAR in the Central Utah area, much of it seemingly stimulated by the governments effort to establish the Reservation system that ended with the establishment of the Uintah-Ouray Reservation in the Uintah Basin.
This pretty snake is Utah's largest snake, capable of getting to almost 6 feet long, and in other places as long as 8 feet, with a life span of around 15 years. Mine was about half of that.
The pods were collected late in the season after some rainfall that perhaps all contributed to not seeing any parachute. I'll dry some of the remaining pods and see if a parachute develops.....and add here something if worthwhile.