Friday, February 9, 2024


Chapter 6: 

Our "Dynamic Earth" with 
all of its unending movements...... twists, squeezes, overlays, faults, uplifts, earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions with rock melting heat, ice ages with land-skulpting glaciers,  periods of millions of  years of just vegetation, followed by  long ages of roaming beasts and more..... has me thinking that our title page of Chapter 6 should be a little bit more in harmony with our world, at least sort of  like......

Translated below for better understanding.

When each of the long periods of creation were accomplished and pronounced "GOOD" 
the Architect as well as the Creator then moved to bring to earth the crowning purpose of all
of this effort.....intelligent man and  a companion, both their children.. 
...created in their likeness and are our children, all blessed  with freedom, 
wisdom, love, faith and the hope that all will freely choose wisely and not stupidly.

 I Have seen today the hand of God in all of the above and in this beautiful 

This magnificent 
Divine Vision of Nature 
I was blessed to find...
...I believe gratefully guided to because I was seeking....
and pray all will be humble seekers and
be blessed as I have been.

I was rewarded with getting a photo of new beautiful life springing from the rocks and soil. 
This marvelous vibrant new life being born is surrounded by other elements of creation:
Rocks and dead organic life that will now decompose to give the nourishment our new
 Western Yarrow plant will need to 
I recognize this as an awesome system of life that was 
put into motion by the Creator
making possible the many miraclous processes unfolding through 6 long periods of
creation we will get simple glimpses of  in this last chapter of my new online book the 
Western Scrub Jay

Let's face it honestly, NATURE isn't as orderly as our level, right angle, 
perfect symmetry and excellence of proportion modern world as demonstrated by 
the beauty of this LDS temple, 
contrasted to a different kind of beauty we see behind it in the apparent    
 demonstrated in  ROCK CANYON, guarded by Squaw Peak,  
to the east of Provo, Utah and part of the Wasatch Mountains.

Let's take a hike into the Wasatch Mountain's  Rock Canyon that is famous among geologists about which it is said (paraphrased):

It is one of the few places on earth where such a repository of evolution 
is more accessible and well exposed!  

Rock Canyon is where Timpanogos chief, Big Elk, with his followers fled after the 1850 Provo River Massacre, that took place  near where Deseret Industries is located in north Provo. Persued by Mormon militia in a confrontation Big Elk's wife died, the peak named  SQUAW PEAK in her honor.

Now up the canyon and looking back on what many hikers miss.

We will  go back down a bit and pause to marvel at the magnificent chaos of nature
we see below even more starkly.

In  the background we see  Squaw Peak a different type of rock with in some respects more orderly layers...but the tannish/orangish ones in the foreground are jumbled, twisted, even  sometimes a seemingly  upside-down  creation that at times was much more violent than anything we see today in our seemingly slow moving world. 

We are seeing here sedimentary layers of sandstone
 actually produced gradually over millions of years which is in 
harmony with Ralph Waldo Emerson who said:

Let's get started right by understanding that word...sedimentary. 
We will learn it is crucial to understanding creation. 
From  the U.S. Geologic Survey site we learn:

Common Sedimentary Rocks:
Common sedimentary rocks include sandstone, limestone, and shale. These rocks often start as sediments carried in rivers and deposited in lakes and oceans. When buried, the sediments lose water and become cemented to form rock. 
Clastic Sedimentary Rocks:
Clastic sedimentary rocks are the group of rocks most people think of when they think of sedimentary rocks. Clastic sedimentary rocks are made up of pieces (clasts) of pre-existing rocks. Pieces of rock are loosened by weathering, then transported to some basin or depression where sediment is trapped. If the sediment is buried deeply, it becomes compacted and cemented, forming sedimentary rock. Clastic sedimentary rocks may have particles ranging in size from microscopic clay to huge boulders. Their names are based on their clast or grain size. The smallest grains are called clay, then silt, then sand. Grains larger than 2 millimeters are called pebbles. Shale is a rock made mostly of clay, siltstone is made up of silt-sized grains, sandstone is made of sand-sized clasts, and conglomerate is made of pebbles surrounded by a matrix of sand or mud.
Biologic Sedimentary Rocks:
Biologic sedimentary rocks form when large numbers of living things die. Coal is an example for this type of rock, and this is one of the ways limestone can form. Limestone can also form by precipitating directly out of the water.


 So the jumbled puzzle we see  was  originally created on the ocean floor as level, parallel layers, but today they are more than 5,000 feet higher than ocean level.... ..something traumatic happened!
Let's zoom in a bit more.... this picture in the left middle bottom the layers seem to be level, then make a sharp swing up even twisting a bit to the left....but seem to abruptly end with other dark layers behind angling left then turning right upwards with some pointing directly to the sun.....and on and on we attempt to make sense out of this puzzle with a branch of geology called 
that became personal for me as a freshman geology major at BYU in 1954.

Directly in back of us on the other side of the canyon we find completly different layers, thick ones also layed down on the ocean floor, but now standing  tall making a challenge for rock climbers who love Rock Canyon. 

A ways up the canyon  on the same south side of the canyon we see a quite different kind of scenery and geology.  

We are viewing the rough north side of Y Mountain which brings back memories of my youth trying to be a mountain man, already in California at 15 having trapped a cougar, and quickly in Utah muskrats, and a beaver that got away with my trap, as the cougar had done. 
NOTE:  The notch pointed to in the picture below  became very personal for me as a 16 year old explorer along with my 8 year old brother, Howard.  

In 1952 we were new in Utah, living just a couple of blocks from the foothills, so I began satisfying my life-long love of the outdoors roaming the hills with my dad's .22 Browning rifle he had bought for $11 in Australia as an LDS missionary in 1928.  Howard was my companion in many of the adventures.

Here we are  in the Fall after the my first deer hunt, Howard 
with some antlers he found somewhere.

One day we hiked up the face of Y Mountain...up the trailess north side and eventually came to cliffs. I had a 50 foot long rope I  tied to Howard, so I would go up first, then pull him up. Finally we made it to that "notch" and with my little brother along I couldn't find a safe way to the top of Y Mountain.  So, we decided to go down a long chute to the bottom of Rock Canyon.
Howard would go first to the end of the rope and then move over in case I dislodged rocks in coming down to him. We eventually got to the bottom of the canyon.  Howard had completely worn out the seat of his pants so tied his shirt around his waist like a loin cloth to cover his behind and we hiked home.
Quite frankly looking at these pictures, taken from the Pole Canyon Road, I can't believe we actually did that and lived to tell the tale.
The wise and loving CREATOR, for the eventual blessing of humanity,  commanded and set in motion the forces  and power of the prolific systems of nature forming mountains, valleys, deserts, lakes,  oceans and more,  and after periods of millions of years of  vegetation, and others with animals/dinosaurs and other living creatures.....followed by burying the organic matter that was  turned into what some call "black gold," and  natural gas, as well as many other minerals that have blessed humanity....
with some curious men  gratefully trying to understand and  make sense of it all with the 
science of GEOLOGY. 

"Rocks and minerals are the basic documents of 
the science of geology,"           said, Dr. W. Ken Hamblin, in his first university level geology textbook back in the late 60's based strikingly on beautiful  color   photographs of 86 of the rocks and minerals.       
After my graduation from BYU in 1963 one of my first freelance photography projects was to take those photographs for him using a room in the basement of our rental home at 720 E. 700 E. in Provo. 
I used a  a Mamiya twin lens  reflex medium format camera using color slide film. 
He would go on with several editions of that first textbook used by hundreds of universities across the U.S. and in foreign countries, and  then produced a long chain of higher level geology textbooks and lab manuals selling over a million copies.
Ken was born in Lyman, Wyoming, and later received an athletic scholarship to play football at BYU, and among other things kicked the winning field in a game with the University of Wyoming.  He finished his teaching positions as a Geology professor at BYU for the last 30 years of his career. 
Once we were talking about an area of his interest 
I knew also had  good fishing and asked him, 
"Hey, Ken, have you ever fished there?"   
His reply was quick and revealing, saying:  

In 1954 I began my university studies at BYU.  That was the time of the "uranium boom" in Utah so,  along with my High Uinta buddies, Ted Packard, and Charlie Petersen, we all became geology majors with the dream of later forming an exploration company and getting rich.  
Not just with uranium, but by then I had spent a summer as a trapper and hunter on a project at Dugway Proving Grounds, and was entranced with the West Utah Desert, with for me unending magnificent Visions of Nature, its rich mining past,   fascinating ghost towns, and Native American Reservations....where   I later  had important personal experience with members of the Goshute tribe.  We figured there were reasons for one ghost town being called "Gold Hill,"  hopefully with a lot of that stuff still hidden and begging for us to discover them.
My first quarter (not the semester system yet) I enrolled in a general Geology class and got an A.  The next quarter I followed with a class in Historical Geology, much harder but I got another A. But my 3rd quarter was stymied in following with the next class in the geology major sequence because I didn't have the pre-requisite background in calculus, and physics. There was only one class in geology that didn't require those prerequisites.  It was a graduate class in what was called 

Wikipedia defines it as:
Geomorphology is the scientific study of the origin and evolution of topographic and bathymetric features generated by physical, chemical or biological processes operating at or near Earth's surface.

The Thesaurus dictionary says is much simpler:  the study of the characteristics, origin, and development of landforms.

It was a class that normally a freshmen wouldn't qualify for, much less  even want, but my special request was granted due to my superior grades in the two geology classes completed, and I wanted to keep in the geology field no matter what while getting the classes I needed. 
So, I as a humble freshman, launched myself into competition with 14 geology graduate students, with Dr. Rigby strictly grading with the curve, meaning several of us 15 would fail.  
It was a subject whose purpose was to unravel all the folds and faults, overlays and mysterious appearances and disappearances of the earth's rocky documention of its many millions of years of history.
It was the hardest class I ever had and for the first time 
I was proud of getting a C-!
Note:  Now looking back 69 years I suspect that Dr. Rigby seeing me as a freshman competing with graduate students, and noting how hard I tried, likely decided to make an exception to the curve grading system and rather was charitable in giving me the lowest possible  passing grade!
Soon geology was replaced by me adopting, trying to understand and save as many as possible in the Mountains of the Maya persisting now for more than 68 years and counting. 
An unbiased observer and friend said about that
 "impossible dream," 
"Thousands were saved and many tens of thousands aided to acquire an education!" 

So,  I don't remember enough about geomorphology to be able to unravel the puzzle of 
earth's geologic don't worry about me getting impossibly technical.   
 More than anything we will just be awed observing beauty in the endless 
that we recognize in the  CHAOS OF NATURE:  In the rocks, minerals, and 
geologic monuments that surround and always rise above us...
...along with contemplating the creative processes 
that perhaps made them, like 

Note the sedimentary layers of different kinds of rocks that are our mountain, all of them originally created in the bottom of the ocean.  

  We learn that all kinds of things were involved:  Infinite variation and color, unending earth movements with falts, quakes, landslides, floods creating all kinds of layers of rainbow colors of earth and rock,  compressions producing rocks, minerals,  even diamonds, heat and pressures taking continent sized slabs  of rock folding and overlaying others from under the seas standing them  on end  pointing thousands of feet towards the heavens, volcanic blasts of milenia sized moments destroying  much life and from the surface burying it deep down forming lakes of black gold, creation working without rest towards producing an environment for more refined creation, even intelligent men and women....His children, you, and I and our families.
What we today call the Wasatch Front came to be known  by geologists as "The Wastch Line" which was the western coastline of a huge  continent originally including Europe and Africa joined with North America in what was called "PANGEA."   Eventually there was a drifting apart with the Atlantic Ocean separating North America from Europe and Africa. 
The Wasatch Line was then made up of  tropical beaches  with clear waters like the Bahamas!  Where the Uinta Mountains are today was a large bay with sandy beaches. 
Fine material was washed into the sea forming sedimentary layers that over millions of years were turned into rock  that were then raised in  gigantic uplifts many thousands of feet above the ocean...sometimes the opposite with some areas sinking.  These uplifts with unrelenting squeezing forces were then twisted and curved upwards, sometimes  folding  the layers back over themselves and breaking leaving sharp peaks and mountain ranges looking west showing layers of sedimentary rocks.  On the eastern side the layers sloped  down and disappeared.  

Erosion went to work with creeks, and rivers  carving out Rock Canyon, and there were also ice ages with glaciers gouging and  sculpting entire drainages like those on the North, and South slopes of the Uinta Mountains.  To say the least  all of this is  puzzling  to unravel for curious men.

In harmony with our subject, on that dangerous youthful adventure in 1952, we were actually climbing/sliding down a chute that was between layers of sedimentary rock created  under the ocean millions of years ago, then likely still sort of at level raised up thousands of feet in a giant uplift followed  years later with  a violent fault that split that layer  raising it up to form the Wastach Mountains, and the Wasatch front at all kinds of jumbled angles.....followed by erosion creating Rock Canyon the bottom of which Howard and I  were grateful to get to after having a great adventure working our way down that sedimentary layer chute.
I mentioned above the High Uinta Mountains, included in the map of the Wasatch Front, and quite intimately conncted to the Wasatch as well as my life...where I realized my Second Impossible Dream, described in my first published book.  From that book a  quote will help us understand the complexity of the creation: 


Geologically the Uinta Range was born over 25 million years ago by an east-west fracture of the earth’s crust and a massive uplift that pushed the area above sea level.   This was a stroke of very good luck without which the face of modern Utah would be incredibly different as all of the important rivers of Utah are born there and contribute 90% of Utah’s water.    

Glaciers  began sculpting  the basins, canyons, and valleys  leaving in their wake majestic mountains and peaks.  These glacially carved  canyons extend  to the south about 20 miles, and to  the north  between 10-15 miles. 

Down these glacially created canyons flow all the important rivers of Utah beginning on the northwest with  the 4 important tributaries of the Bear River which are born in the Uintas flowing north into Wyoming then turn west into Idaho making a swing around the north tip of the Wasatch Mountains, and continue south  back into Utah flowing into the Great Salt Lake…..making the Bear River one of a kind in our hemisphere—It being the largest and longest river...500 miles... in North America that doesn’t empty into an ocean.

NOTE:  The above quote is from my High Uinta Mountains book.


Including  the making of the Wasatch Front and other areas of  North America..... 

 .....I will here introduce a series of wonderful pictorial explanations from a Forest Service display at the eastern end of the Uinta Mountains that demostrate the making of the High Uinta Mountains that will help our understanding and appreciation of the making of the Wasatch Mountains as well as many others.  Not to fear....this will be about as technical as I will get....but at least try and grasp the inmensity of the creative processes put in motion by the Creator.

Many of these same creative processes were involved in the making of our world as we know it today.



There were also at work volcanic forces forming new mountains, and mountain chains, such as the Sierra Nevada Mountains in California.  Powerful volcanic forces pushed up mountain chains, and domes of volcanic rock  forcing their way up through sedimentary layers that were then eroded away.  
These intrusions of what geologists call igneous, or granite rock,  created the areas in Salt Lake City canyons where Mormon pioneers quarried the granite used to build their first temple.
  A little further south....between the Salt Lake Valley and Utah Valley in the Wasatch Range is another example of an igneous intrusion in what became in 1978 Utah's first wilderness area:  The 30,735 acre  Lone Peak Wilderness Area seen below.
This summertime picture shows the igneous granitoid intrusion of the 
sedimentary rocks of the Wasatch mountains.     
This picture was taken in summer from Highland, Utah looking north.
Lone Peak is 11,253' elevation. 

Below we see it in the winter. 
Borrowing the Lone Peak High School building and sign looking north from Highland, Utah in wintertime. 

Other examples in Utah of such igneous intrusions are the Deep Creek Mountains, part of the West Utah Desert we see below looking west about 50 miles distant  from near the Fish Springs National Wildlife Refuge 
The core of the Deep Creek Mountains is granite from an igneous intrusion as others mentioned above in the Wasatch Mountains.  Two peaks are higher than any peaks in the Wasatch. They are Ibapah Peak, 12,087 feet in elevation, and Haystack Peak at 12,020 feet.  Forty-seven years ago with my two young sons, Rich (11)  and Joey (9), we backpacked to the highest peak on a great adventure that included an overnight stay in the ghost town GOLD HILL located at the north end of the Deep we were exploring we were shocked to see way down a street a GHOST!  I'll tell that among many experiences in my 5th book about THE WEST UTAH DESERT.  
Also in the West Utah Desert is GRANITE PEAK, 9,580 ft. in elevation and located in the middle of the U.S. government's Dugway Proving Grounds seen below with some wild mustang horses in the foreground.
For many years Grantie Peak  has been shrouded in mystery being inaccessible to the public on the Dugway Proving Grounds, but in 2006 an indepth geologic study was started you can learn about at:

By Donald L. Clark, Utah Geological Survey and Eric H. Christiansen, Brigham Young University

The other such mountains I have mentioned in my writings are 
   the Henry Mountains in Southern Utah seen below from the west.
- The Henry Mountains 
an igneous intrusion in the middle of   colorful Southern Utah's famous National and State Parks we see that surround me as I hike out of the Henry's on my last deer hunt before heading south to the Mountains of the Maya for 35 years. 

Mount Timpanogos....

...and below the peaks east of Provo, Utah....

....with Provo Peak seen below.....

....all  are inclined downward towards the east,  
the west side looking up
It's quite impossible to imagine  but powerful squeezing actions caused folds that would break creating faults and uplifts of some of the same layers that would also become lower mountain chains to the west of the Wasatch front. 
NOTE:  You might have noticed that area to the west...
....THE WEST UTAH DESERT... my next target for exploration and another book, likely when in my 90ies...
.....going for 100.....if I can keep my boys from taking away my car keys! 

....a mountain with its own timeless Romeo and Juliet love story etched in stone that  some with a vivid imagination tell us is actually a beautuful  Indian maiden preserved there.  She is pleading to  the heavens to reunite her with the love of her life who lost his life there seeking her. I am talking about.......

The vision below of Timpanogos is from the website you can go to by clicking below..
..where we will go to learn more of the Legend

Below we can see more fully their imagination of the legend's 
turned into a stone monument of this Indian Romeo & Julliet legend as seen from the east in Heber Valley.

There are at least a dozen different versions of this legend, some viewing the Princess as above head to the south.  Others with a lively imagination from the west see her there with her head to the north. 
None of the legends actually come from the Native American Timpanogos who lived in Utah Valley, rather from lovers of the mountain who came up with their versions in their dreams. 

I won't get into all of them, rather just give a brief summary of the one from the Heber Valley website.

Anciently a leader of the Nez Perece tribe, far to the north, were undergoing a period of drought and famine. His son, Timpanac, prayed and was told to go south where he would find a valley with a 
"silver lake" with Indians who would provide food.

He gathered ponies and loaded them with furs for trading, and went south where he found the silver lake.......
.......... and the Timpanogos tribe who were happy to help him.  While there he saw the beautiful chief's daughter, Ucanogos, and they fell in love, exchanging gifts.
When she was of age to marry her father sent a runner to tell Timpanac, but he was going to have to win her in a competition with four others who desired her: An Arapaho, a Ute, a Shoshone, and a Hopi.

First there was race around the silver lake in which the Arapho lost his life.  Second, they were sent to hunt game with no weapons.  One came back with a rabbit, another a pheasant, another a small deer. Timpanac was gone three days but had got a buffalo, and got the men to help bring back the meat. 

The final competition was to climb to the summit of a high mountain where Ucanogos would be claimed. The others cheated leaving early and ambushed Timpanac and pushed him over a ledge to his death. 

Ucanogos saw what happened and wept great unending tears which she is still doing at Bridal Veil Falls in Provo, Canyon.  She then threw herself off the mountain praying to the Great Spirit to take her soul and join it with Timpanac's, which was done their two hearts together as one in the heart of Timpanogos Cave.

I end with a direct quote from the Heber Valley version. 

"The Great Spirit was so saddened by these events he decided to put the Indian Maiden to rest on the mountain tops for eternity. Many now call her the Sleeping Princess. Those who travel through Heber Valley or Provo Canyon can clearly see her features. The name Timpanogos was given to the mountain by combining the names of the ill-fated lovers: Timpanac and Ucanogos. The word Timpanogos, has since been used by the tribe to mean 'People of a Mountain.'" 


For other versions of the legend click on the following: 

From today's mama podcast we get the following depiction of the legend of Timpanogos

NOW LET'S GET BACK TO.... daily efforts...hiking & seeking... to save
 my life long enough to contribute to your appreciation and awe at 
CREATION and the 

I just posted on Facebook the following:

So, I've got to hustle and finish this chapter  on

Previously I have discussed in general all the efforts set in motion by the Creator 
to prepare this planet for the crowning glory of ALL creation:
 Now, while citing  words of awe and gratitude, I will inject beautiful photographs...mostly from the area of my efforts to keep alive and learn something inspiring I can also share with you, namely....the Foothills of Mount Timpanogos down to the Foothills of Springville, and since I've mentioned the High Uinta Mountains, I'll include something beautifully geologic also from there too.  
Much of what we will see are mountains and rocks.  Do you remember how important they are?
Our friend Dr. Hamblin

"Rocks and minerals are the basic documents of the science of geology," 
So here we go with a lot of scenic & geologic beauty...from which our physical bodies come and where they will return.....for a while at least!

I persist with my hikes.....even with winter, almost everyday in the Hills of Timpanogos.  It isn't easy, but the other option for this old guy....isn't acceptable, and  I am richly rewarded as you will note below, and with  additions I'm inserting in past chapters about how the plants and life   survive the winter....some persisting in winter and helping other life to survive.  This year I'll do as always...observe, photograph, research  and report with those that are alive through the winter, and others when each comes alive. 

In February 2024 hiking the slopes of Mount Mohagany I was blessed with getting photographs of a large herd of Rocky Mountain you see them below?  They are near the bottom behind the rabbitbrush.

Best get closer so you can see these magnificent 

This big fellow we see above is going to be challenged by another ram that all of a sudden came charging down the mountain!

I was excited thinking I was going to be able to photograph a fight, but I think the potential challenger decided against it once he saw a much bigger ram!

Now on to  
Mainly just photogaphs, with each of which you should imagine....since I've given you the  broad outline of creation....what were the creative processes that created them, beginning with some scenics, and then get down to showing you many beautiful rocks like the ones I photographed for Dr. Hamblin except then I had a larger format professional camera.
Let's first remember the Wasatch Front was originally under the ocean, then raised up, but the sedimentary layers came under  giant  pressures creating a fault with the westward edge raised up we see here in Y Mountain, then Maple and Buckley Mountains, the layers we see all inclined downward to the east and disappearing under the higher mountains behind them.  
With Timpanogos, there are also to its west lower mountains  like Mohagany Mountain...then Grove Canyon, then a lower no-name mountain, next Battle Creek Canyon,  Big Baldy Mountain, and last Dry Canyon....and on to Provo, Canyon. 
Usually the frontal lesser mountain's sedimentary layers angle down to the east and disappear under the higher mountains behind like to the south of Provo Canyon.  That's the general rule, but oh, oh,  something broke the rule on the north as we can see with a few  photos!
First, we see in a picture of Mohagany Mountain, the layers are all angling down to the south and continue that way to Provo Canyon.
On the south side of Provo Canyon the layers from at least Y Mountain and Squaw Peak angle down to the north towards Provo Canyon following the angle of Pole Canyon which is at the foot of Cascade Mountain and behind Squaw Peak. 
NOTE: There is a road that goes up Pole Canyon from Provo Canyon, and is paved to where it then drops down to a campground hikers get to hiking up Rock Canyon.  From there the road continues up 2nd Right, traverses the side of Provo Peak, and then drops down into Hobble Creek the way  it's a nice excursion for a picnic and great scenery.
Back to the creation:  All of that is fine for whatever reasons, but the rule that is broken is that the sharp angle down to the east of Y Mountain and companions, is not repeated in Grove and Battle Creek Canyons.  It's a little hard to see in the photos I've got...with others later.... but below the layers we see top right are angling down slightly to the west and that line continues upwards towards Timpanogos.    
You will notice in the photographs that follow  there are all kinds of our rules.....and in my Geomorphology class 69 years ago we had to figure out the jumbled, twisted, faults and overlays, etc.  of the puzzle.  So let's just look at some pictures and admire the chaos of nature even if we can't figure out the why or the how of it all.
Febreuary 10, 2024

Up the canyon showing how it is now for my daily hikes..... we'll look on 
sides of the canyon and see a tough geological picture.

Earlier in the's a popular place for hiking.

Below we can see more clearly the sedimentary layers tilting down to the west.

Above in the rock monument, if you look closely, you'll notice the layers angling
 down slightly to the west, the opposite of the norm.

A friend cheering me on!

Below we see the north side of the canyon...looking up where they anchor one side of the cable from which they hang that giant American flag for July 4th. 
Those also are ones showing an angle down to the south, but also a slight angle down to the west.  I'm not sure what happens when these frontal mountains meet the newer layers of Timpanogos. One day I'll do a little research, with more exploring.....and maybe finally get better than a C- in Geomorphology!

Below we see where the trail takes off up the canyon, the road to the diversion dam, and up to the south side of the canyon that we'll zoom  in on....but first, it was in those boulders on the left where I got the photograph of the TARANTULA, and it is along there where we see one of the few fossils I have seen in this area.  I'll insert them below the photo. 

First something I found nearby along the trail 
going up the canyon.
After cleaning and drying it I  sprayed it with clear Rust-Oleum to enhance the texture and color.  It wasn't something a real geologist would do.  Sorry.  I did this with a special collection of rocks from the area, some of which you'll see in a moment.  In my defense, would you have special wood decorating your home without preserving and enhancing it to   make a sort of dull wood 
bright and beautiful?

With rocks you can get much the same effect by just wetting the rock.  An example follows of a fossil found in the boulders of the picture with our two friends.  The one below is dry. It will be followed with one I wet today February 14, 2024 on my daily hike. 

It looks like perhaps the wing of a bird, or the fin of a fish. 
What do you think?

Below, this might be something.....but it was out of the ordinary. 

Now looking up to the south side of the canyon.

Zooming in on one spot.........where again we see the 
rule broken with the layers angling down to the west.

Below a curvy turn in a layer......what might have caused it?
Whatever, we do have to realize that the movements of our earth in its creation, and shaping to where it is today would have been dramatic to say the least.  I hope oneday to see in the great beyond 
a video of it all!

Then again on the other side of the canyon. 
We now move down the canyon and bid farewell to the companions of the Sentinels who guard faithfully the Canyon I have come to respect and  be grateful for now with over 130 hikes in the last 11 months that have given me new life, and the faithbuilding discovcry of many new VISIONS of NATURE to share with friends.

Now we'll get a few glimpses of
Battle Creek Canyon.


This canyon is geologically very different than other two.   I only made one very short hike here at the end of the season, but it looks fascinating.  So I look  forward to alternating exploring all three in 2024 and observing and photographing all the wonders I'm sure I'll find....and of course share with all of you in updates of this book.
Above we see again the angling down to the west that might mean that on the eastern side is actually portions that look up towards Timpanogos, if so the continuation of said layers are maybe buried?

To oriente everybody below I'll insert a Google Earth view of the area.  The Red line is the high mountains:  Timpanogos, Cascade Mountain, and Provo Peak.  The yellow line is the lower frontal mountains:  Mohagany Mt., then Grove, Battle and Dry Canyons of Timpanogos.  Then a break with Provo Canyon. Then of the yellow line: (Squaw Peak, not labeled ), Y Moumntain, (Maple Mt., not labeled) ), and Buckley Mt(s).  

At the South end, actually at Hobble Creek Canyon near Springville, the two mountain chain layers come together and clash that must have increased the chaos, and as they did you will notice further along that the two thick layers of sedimentary rocks  become very jumbled and different creating some wonderous and amazing rock monuments pointing to the heavens.

The lower level on the north beginning with Provo Canyon angles up, 
each peak or mountain becoming progressively higher.

We begin with Squaw you recall? 
Named for a Timpanogos chief's wife who in 1850 lost her life
 in an encounter with the Mormon militia in Rock Canyon.

For your interest as a potential tourist and explorer, there is a nice park we see here just a bit passed the LDS Temple to the north. Above we are seeing Squaw Peak.  Down the ridge from Squaw Peak, is Little Squaw Peak that I have mentioned in my hike when I was surrounded by rattle snakes...mentioned in Chapter 1

Taking the road that goes straight up towards Rock Canyon, you will find 
more facilities for tourists and hikers, including.....'s a good idea to check it out and learn all you can about the wonders 
and Visions of Creation that surround you here. 

Previously in this chapter we saw scenes from Rock Canyon showing the twisted, and jumbled layers just a bit up the canyon. I won't repeat those photos as you can go back and look at them, but below is a reminder with a new picture. 

From down here we zoom in on the Peak...
.....where I'll be heading, taking you along with me. 

Do you see the flag?  Maybe we need to zoom in more.... 

Along the way there are incredible, magestic scenes 
all around us, just one below...
...and as we get higher a beautiful one of Provo Peak....mentioned in my MOUNTAINS of the MAYA book...climbing it the first time with a dear Guatemalan friend, Lotario Nuila. To say the least all of these scenes bring back fond memories of my adventurous youth.
For example another of those memories described  in my "Checkered" autobiography "0-22 years"  and included as Chapter 1 in the MOUNTAINS of the MAYA book,  has to do with what's called up Rock Canyon "2nd right" more or less where that thick strip of pines are. One of my High Uinta buddies, Charlie Petersen, and I  made applications with the Forest Service for a permit to build each of us a log cabin there.  We began making trips carrying materials in our family's old '39 Plymouth, known affectionaly among the guys in Provo as 
"Little Andy's muscle car!" 
But, I had pretty well worn it out by the time I went on my LDS Mission  to Central America in 1956, so after I left dad sold it to Charlie for $25. Charlie cut out the roof starting the trend of sunroofs, took off the fenders, removed the muffler with a straight pipe coming out of the manifold that made it roar like a legitimate "muscle car."   
He wrote me and told me the story of him using it as his "mountain buggy" carrying materials to the cabin site, but one day he ran out of gas at the summit of Pole Canyon.  So hiked down into Rock Canyon and home.  A few days later he hitched a ride taking a can of gasoline, but found him stripped of anything of value, so removed the license plates and bid farewell to our cherished friend.
Later on another trip he found that all of him had disappeared, likely 
translated to heaven waiting for the resurrection when he will look like this!

Enough of my past. Let's continue with the past of the 
Divine Visions of Creation.

We are now  at the summit of Squaw Peak.

Actually this spot is not the highest....we look behind.

Above in the background we see Cascade Peak, and below see the entire mountain in a light winter.  From early on I always wanted to climb it, and even go deer hunting up there........
.......and I finally did in 1991 during the years when I would spend two months in Guatemala keeping everything going, and two months in Utah with the family. 
It was another of the great adventures of my life...showing below
 the tough route I took up the mountain......
.....below indicating where I set up my camp from which the next day I was able to look with my binoculars into the Lavell Edwards Stadium and watch some BYU's football game while listening on my tiny radio....we won of course!
What?  You want to know if I got my buck?  
I did see a nice one, but he only had an antler on one side....likely having lost the other in a fight or a fall.  I wasn't going to take on the difficult task of getting a deer down the mountain if it wasn't going to be a trophy, so I passed, just climbed the peak, and with a storm coming I got out of there fast as a descent with wet, snowy slippery foothoolds would not have been wise. 

Enough said about the Rock Canyon-Squaw Peak-Cascade Mountain area with the geologic documentation of the creation all around us. Have you figured it all out?

As I begin moving down, I pause to look down into Rock Canyon and see north/Rock Canyon side of Y Mountain showing the layers  sharply angling down to the east.....remember? My brother Howard and myself in 1952 went down one of those chutes!

In the picture below on the right bottom we see a triangle which is the backside of Y Mountain angling down and disappearing under Provo Peak.  

Provo Peak, as well as Cascade Mountain, the face of both 
angling up towards the west, and to the east their sedimentary layers angling down 
and disappearing.  That is the basic story of our Wasatch Mountains.  

So the sun will set on Rock Canyon and we'll move further south, but it's impossible to leave without plans of coming back and spending a lot more time, as it is like almost nowhere else where the majesty of creation is better demonstrated and recorded in the beautiful chaos of nature....all necessary in preparation for introducing humanity on earth.

We've seen a lot of geologic documentation of the creation.....sorry for not really explaining much, but remember I didn't get an A in my Geomorphology class from Dr. Rigby...just a C-...and that was 69 years ago!  
Otherwise I would be  WOWING you with incredible explanations like 
Dr. Hamblin would be doing, rather than leaving 

To keep track of where we are....

....let's look again at a picture of Y MountainMaple Mountain, Slate Canyon and then the two Buckley Peaks...seeing only one and on to where the coming together of the two massive mountain layers creates some incredible scenes.
I got the above photo climbing the Buckley Mountains, the sedimentary layers coming from 
down deep and standing tall, but this was just a warm-up for what I would find next at the southern side of the Buckley Peaks.  There we get into an area similar  but impressively larger and from different sedimentary layers, all preparing us for what we have seen several times. For me it's worth a last look as it's hard to get bored with such an incredible scene decorated with a splash of brilliant yellow from one of our favorites....

The layers of sedimentary rock come from down deep standing on end reaching 
for the skies.We see them in two pictures in the late fall.

And below a few more, but with the green of Spring.

Can you imagine where the layers go down deep in the earth or where they come from?
Remember we are seeing sedimentary layers laid down level on the bottom of the ocean, but here they are 7,000 feet above sea level standing on end!  We need Dr. Hamblin to help us out, but he passed on in 2009.

Then we come to the seeming culmination of this wild show of geologic creative processes with the......
This beautiful scene is just east of  McDonalds at Springville's north end.

....and seemingly with a last gasp, there are a few more of the same a bit south before you come to Spring Canyon, and then Hobble Creek Canyon.

From there we look south past Hobble Creek Canyon and note a level line at the bottom of the mountain.  It is a line that one can observe all along the Wasatch foothills, a remnant of the shoreline of ancient Lake Bonneville that covered much of the Great Basin anciently.

Today the remnant of Lake Bonneville is Utah Lake, drained by the Jordan River leading to the end of the line in the Great Salt Lake and extending west to the Great Salt Desert or the Salt Flats.

The first mountainmen and explorers to reach the northern end of the Great Salt Lake thought they had arrived at the Pacific Ocean!

Twenty-five years or so later the Mormon Pioneers arrived in the Salt Lake Valley.....and today in 2024  Salt Lake City is known as "THE CROSSROADS OF THE WEST"
The population is growing very fast, most of it strung along what is called today The Wasatch Front...but which as we have explained simply is a fault-line, and an active one we should all understand better. So, let's insert here an article  that explains in simple terminology the situation.  
The following article will be divided up and inserted into a series of photographs showing some geologic wonders from the Grove Canyon area which I have mainly focused on with around 130 hikes in the past year to keep my body from going to sleep. 

According to Austin Elliott, an Oxford geo-scientist who knows these sorts of things, the Wasatch Fault is the world’s best-studied normal fault. Thus, people like Elliot know quite a lot about the seam in the Earth’s crust that defines the Wasatch Front. Most of us actually living on or near the Fault, however, don’t know squat. So here’s a short version of the essential info, without too many big scientific words.

As we go through the brief article, lets get a few glimpses of Grove Canyon as I went
up it today, February 22, 2024, and then came back down

The Wasatch Fault forms a boundary between the relatively stable North American plate and the collapsing crust of the Great Basin and Range to the west. Slowly, so slowly we seldom notice it, the Salt Lake Valley is sliding away to the west, slipping off the Wasatch Mountains earthquake by earthquake. That’s what’s happening and has been happening for millennia. 

Of course, lots of other forces have been at work on the Wasatch, too, making the mountains we know now. Ancient glaciers formed the smooth U-shaped valleys. Much, much later, rivers cut V-shaped valleys as they found their way downhill to the Prehistoric Lake Bonneville and its remains, The Great Salt Lake, and carved the floor of the big valley between the Wasatch Front and the Oquirrhs. Erosion by wind, rain, snow, hail and avalanches have sculpted the rock, stripped it away and worn it down to dirt.

But the big work was done when the Wasatch Fault’s movement cut through the moraines, slicing through them and lifting them up into the steep, jagged cliffs that give us a view of the interior history of the Earth. You can see the Jurassic Period in the reddish rocks up Parley’s Canyon. Near the mouth of the canyon, Suicide Rock is a relic of the earlier Triassic age. Lower portions of Big Cottonwood Canyon have billion-year-old Precambrian rock. The exposed portion of Timpanogos is limestone and dolomite from the Pennsylvanian period, about 300 million years old. Little Cottonwood Canyon has relatively newer rock: A molten igneous mass bubbled up near the surface a mere 32 million years ago. This is the granite that was used to build the Salt Lake City Temple which came to be called “Temple stone.”

And our Fault is what caused the stair stepping Benches, defining the value of Valley’s real estate. The higher your house, the higher the price. 

We’ve known about the Wasatch Fault in theory since the 1890s, but that hasn’t stopped us from building steadily on it and around with little heed to the whole earthquake thing. We all feel them occasionally, little shivers that cause the pictures on our walls to go crooked, harbingers of the big one to come.

Note:  The visuals are mine (C.Andersen)

The Wasatch Fault is an active fault located primarily on the western edge of the Wasatch Mountains in the U.S. states of Utah and Idaho. The fault is about 240 miles (390 kilometres) long, stretching from southern Idaho, through northern Utah, before terminating in central Utah near the town of Fayette. The fault is made up of ten segments, five of which are considered active.[1] On average the segments are approximately 25 miles (40 kilometres) long, each of which can independently produce earthquakes as powerful as local magnitude 7.5.[2] The five active segments from north to south are called the Brigham City Fault Segment, the Weber Fault Segment, the Salt Lake City Fault Segment, the Provo Fault Segment and the Nephi Fault Segment.[citation needed]

We are viewing the northern edge of the mountain with Grove Canyon to the right. This is the area where the University of Utah has an Earthquake recording station I will show you further down between paragraphs of this important article. 

The Wasatch Fault is a normal (vertical motion) fault which forms the eastern boundary of the Basin and Range geologic province which comprises the geographic Great Basin. The Wasatch Mountains have been uplifted and tilted to the east by movement of the fault.[3] The average vertical displacement rate of the fault over its history is approximately 0.8–1.2 mm/yr.[4]

Geological history[edit]

During the past 10,000 years, major earthquakes (magnitude 7.0 or greater) occur about every 900–1,300 years along any one of the five central segments of the Wasatch Fault. However, the average time-span between earthquakes along the entirety of the central segments is about 300 years.[5] The segment that underlies Salt Lake City produced a major earthquake approximately 1,200–1,300 years ago, the WeberProvo, and Nephi segments each produced one about 200–700 years ago and the Brigham City fault segment has not produced a major earthquake in about 2,200–2,800 years.[3]

Earthquake assessment[edit]

Statistically, the Wasatch Fault is overdue for another major earthquake. Experts have given a 57% probability of an earthquake magnitude 6.0 or greater occurring within the next 50 years. However, statistical frequency does not necessarily imply periodic behavior, though it can serve as a good indicator.[6] Liquefaction due to a strong earthquake is of particular concern because many highly populated areas along the Wasatch Front lie on soft lake sediments, remnants of Lake Bonneville.[7][8]

A strong earthquake on the Wasatch Fault could trigger landslides, cause mass liquefaction, and flooding of low-lying areas forming near lakes due to subsidence and tilting. The quake may also rupture the surface causing displacement of up to 20 feet (6.1 m), and severely damage gas, electric, water, communication, and transportation lifelines.[9] A report released by Bob Carey of Utah's Office of Emergency Services and published by the Deseret News in April 2006 predicts that a strong earthquake occurring in Salt Lake City could kill up to 6,200 people, injure 90,000, and cause US$40 billion in economic losses. Due to the earthquake danger not being well known when many structures were built in the area, at least 42% of the buildings along the Wasatch Front are at risk of moderate to severe damage in the event of a strong earthquake. Many buildings, such as hospitals and schools, are located directly atop the Wasatch Fault. Approximately 50% of hospital beds in Salt Lake City are at risk.[10] Currently, about 80% of Utah's population live along the Wasatch Fault, representing the largest earthquake threat in the interior Western U.S.[11][1]

On the west end of Salt Lake Valley is another fault zone called the West Valley fault zone that spans 9 miles (16 km) north-northwest. Recent trench studies have shown that the West Valley fault tends to rupture simultaneously with the Wasatch Fault, compounding issues such as liquefaction, landslides and flooding. The two faults likely converge into a single fault deep underneath Salt Lake Valley.[11][12] On March 18, 2020, a 5.7 magnitude earthquake occurred just north of Magna, causing moderate damage.[13] In March 2021, a new study based on evaluations of the 2020 earthquake and aftershocks determined that the Wasatch Fault undercuts the Salt Lake Valley at a shallower depth than previously thought. This means that a large earthquake on the Salt Lake section of the Wasatch Fault would likely cause more ground shaking and greater damage than previously expected.[14]

Public awareness[edit]

As awareness has increased since the 1980s, many key structures in the region have been undergoing extensive seismic retrofitting, reservoirs on the fault have been drained, and development in at-risk areas curtailed.[15][16] The Utah Earthquake Program (a partnership between The Utah Geological SurveyUniversity of Utah Seismograph Stations, and Utah Division of Emergency Management) has been actively working to educate communities in Utah, conduct research, and investigate technologies that can mitigate the damage caused by a strong earthquake along the Wasatch Fault.[17] Salt Lake City is currently utilizing federal grant funds to run a Fix the Bricks program targeting seismic safety upgrades in unreinforced masonry buildings.[18]

NOTE:  We should all be aware that along the Wasatch Front we are in an active earthquake area that is overdue for earthquakes, as mentioned above in the Wikipedia article, with a 57% chance of major quakes during the next 50 years.

 In 1976 we had personal experience with earthquakes when  on February 4th at 3:00 AM when living in Guatemala we were hit by 
It hit us hard on our Valparaiso Plantation. I have a section in my history book about our 
 see for a lot of detail. 
 But, all of a sudden we began hearing cows and dogs making a fuss....sensing something was coming.  It sounded like a giant jet airplane was zeroing in on us.  The electricity was instantly gone and we were in the dark.  It lasted for about 30 second....that seemed much longer.  But we were alright.  I turned on my Zenith shortwave radio but the ekectricity was gone and the batteries were dead.  David jumped on my mud bike with me and we headed for the Central House and the store there to get batteries. We imagined that the Central House would be in ruins.
We found all our people outside huddled together with their blankets, except for Dr. Buz Sandberg visiting didn't know that with an earthquake you get out of the house fast! And, the visiting Penrods sleeping in their van....slept through it without awakening.   In the gian Central House walls were cracked, but only the adobe end of our barn had come down.
With batteries we searched for a Guatemalan radio station, but found none.  We finally got a station from Honduras reporting the quake had been felt in all of Central America, but with no deaths reported.  They then said, "All Guatemalan radio are stations off.  All the phone lines are silent. It's as if Guatemala is dead!"
We wondered if we were the only ones left alive in all of Guatemala.  
There was a dust cloud covering all the Central Highlands. Eventually the death toll stood at 25,000, including some of our friends in Patzicia.  
Now we'll end our glimpses of the Great Creation, by viewing a collection of rocks and minerals showing a seeming unending variety.  With them try and imagine what creative processes created each.   They were  from  sedimentary layers of one kind or another.

But first it's best to mention briefly what you might see on some of those rocks.....
we see below covering one of our rocks from the Foothills of Mount Timpanogos. 
This is just another of the impossible to believe stories that are part of the 
with details in Chapter 5.

Since in the creation story for Utah I have mentioned the High Uinta Mountains, 
I'd best also insert one rock from the Uintas loaded with 

Now to finish this chapter we'll enjoy viewing a few of the unending variety of rocks and minerals along  with the words of several beautiful songs that mention  our Creator....a line or so between each photos of pairs of beautiful and fascinating rocks.....each with a long story to tell us.

Try and pick out the one with yellow specs that might be gold and let me know so I can get the reliable 4 x 4 vehicle I need for my next project, 


From that wonderful song...with a tiny bit of artistic & poetic license.
My collection of favorites from the High Uintas

For the glory of the skies

For the love which from our birth

Over and around us lies

'Lord of all, to Thee we raise

This our joyful hymn of praise

For the beauty of each hour

Of the day and of the night

Hill and vale and tree and flow'r

Sun and Moon and stars of light

'Lord of all, to Thee we raise

 This our joyful hymn of praise

For the joy of human love 

Brother, sister, parent, child 

Friends on earth and friends above 

For all gentle thoughts and mild 

'Lord of all, to Thee we raise
This our joyful hymn  of praise 

For each perfect gift of Thine

To humanity so freely given

Graces human Given , Human and divine

Flow'rs of earth and buds of heav'n

'Lord of all, to Thee we raise

This our joyful hymn  of praise

For the beauty of the earth!



Look at the world

Everything all around us

Look at the world

And marvel every day

Look at the world

So many joys and wonders

So many miracles

Along our way

Praise to thee O Lord for all creation

Give us thankful hearts that we may see

All the gifts we share and every blessing

All things come of thee

Look at the earth

Bringing forth fruit and flowers

Look at the sky

The sunshine and the rain

Look at the hills
Look at the trees and mountains

Valley and flowing river
Field and plain

Praise to thee O Lord for all creation

Give us thankful hearts that we may see

All the gifts we share and every blessing

All things come of thee

Think of the spring

Think of the warmth of summer

Bringing the harvest

Before the winter's cold

Everything grows
Everything has a season

'Til it is gathered to the fathers fold

Praise to thee O Lord for all creation 

Give us thankful hearts that we may see
All the gifts we share and every blessing
All things come of thee

Every good gift

All that we need and cherish
Comes from the Lord

In token of his love
We are his hands

Stewards of all his bounty
His is the earth and his the heavens above

Praise to thee O Lord for all creation
Give us thankful hearts that we may see
All the gifts we share and every blessing
All things come of thee!

Look at the world
Everything all around us
Look at the world
And marvel every day
Look at the world
So many joys and wonders
So many miracles
Along our way
December 31, 2023

Praise to thee O Lord for all creation
Give us thankful hearts that we may see

All the gifts we share and every blessing
All things come of thee

Look at the earth
Bringing forth fruit and flowers
Look at the sky
The sunshine and the rain
Look at the hills
Look at the trees and mountains
Valley and flowing river
Field and plain

Praise to thee O Lord for all creation

Give us thankful hearts that we may see
All the gifts we share and every blessing
All things come of thee

Think of the spring
Think of the warmth of summer
Bringing the harvest
Before the winter's cold

Everything grows
Everything has a season
'Til it is gathered to the fathers fold

Praise to thee O Lord for all creation
Give us thankful hearts that we may see
All the gifts we share and every blessing
All things come of thee

Every good gift
All that we need and cherish
Comes from the Lord
In token of his love
We are his hands
Stewards of all his bounty
His is the earth and his the heavens above
Praise to thee O Lord for all creation

Give us thankful hearts that we may see!
Alleluia, alleluia....
IN CONCLUSION.... the sort of construction worker of this  divine work of
I express to my Lord and Creator  soul felt gratitude  for having 
quite miraculously let a "recovering cripple" make it through 
this year completing this first step of what I intend to be finally a
 printed book... least with one printing for me..... to hold in my hands  often and remember gratefully the 3rd of my 
With one to fulfill still!
The Lord kindly gave me new life permitting  me enjoying 
with great love and, sharing with my friends. 
the discovery of   so many of his 
With deep love and gratitude
Cordell M. Andersen
P.S. The "one to fulfill still" is doing 
a High Uintas  kind of unthinkable adventure in the incredible 
and my 6th book! 
I promise you that it won't be boring, but full of Pony Express adventure, rough and tumble Mining days history, spooky ghost town experiences, even scaling in the desert a mountain peak higher than Timpanogos and Nebo,  and of course many more beautiful 
than you could the ones below...from the desert.

I just need to somehow acquire a trustworthy 4x4 vehicle, 
plus solving a little more a few of my glitches, 
be able to keep moving  long enough 
make sure Jesse and Nephi don't take my car keys away from me again!  

NOTE:  I have not concluded properly my reporting on the DIVINE VISIONS of NATURE from our foothills.  To give an acceptable picture of the wonderful creations of the Lord in this area, I will need to have another growing season in 2024 to follow closely those plants only partially reported on, as well as identify those with unknown names, and then be able to give some important information on each of them. As I learn more, get better photographes, I will update what I have reported on in the 6 chapters. 
So I've got work to do and an important life saving task  that will
   keep my legs from going asleep as well as the rest of me moving
 forward with an inspiring faithbuilding purpose that I hope and pray
 a few others will also be inspired by.

Once the items mentioned above are completed I will go to work converting this online book 
into a printable book with page numbers and an index.
Cordell M Andersen
444 Elm St.
American Fork, Utah 84003
Website used for books:   
Personal website with historical/video links:
Not of "Little Andy" rather
what will finally be the end of the printable book 


Available in paperback and in hard cover you see here.  The hardcover version has 
better paper and excellent color reproduction like you see above. 
Go to:

Return to Home page for more info and glimpses of pages from the books and information to get original book online with page numbers and index.
Original printed book in 2 volumes, but also available online. Information on Home page and on my personal website.

The books tell the story of GOLD IN THE UINTAS including the direction how to find it, so.....
The story in brief.....
For many years it has been thought that Spanish priests Escalante and Dominguez were 
"the first white people to visit the Uinta Basin and see at a distance the High Uinta Mountains." 
 But, history mentions they came north following 
"the old Spanish trail,"  
which means it was a trail that already existed made previously by Spanish explorers....right?
I relate the story in my HIGH UINTAS BOOK, regarding
 how that happened as early as the mid 1500's 
when Spaniards were the first white men to see the High Uintas!
For "the rest of the story" and quotes how to find the gold, and
pictures of whole mountains of it,
you'll have to get 
 MY BOOK, details how below: 

Originally this book was a digital book available online for a small fee.  Then a surprising number of friends wanted a printed version, which had to be done in two volumnes.  

It has now been divided by the publisher into two books available on as explained and shown in the beginning of this post.  What is described below is the unique contents of both books that no other  books on the High Uinta Mountains have. 
The first book, THE HIGH UINTA MOUNTAINS, is the only book on the High Uintas that has up-to-date information about the lakes with color topographical maps showing the routes and distances to each lake, as well as being the only guide book that has HISTORY, LEGENDS, SURVIVAL STORIES of those who didn't make it and why, plus MY OWN 8 SURVIVAL STORIES & why I'm still around in my late 80's
There is also an important chapter in the AUTO-TOUR book on...
and even a section on why one outdoor expert from the East 
on BYU Radio talk show called me a...
The explanation about what to some might 
sound "bad" and "vulgar" needing to be bleeped out by BYU, 
but it is clarafied as "a good thing"  for outdoor lovers!"  
You'll have to decide for yourself....good, or bad?

Plus 15 Appendices  also in the Auto-Tour book
with all kinds of additional information unique to this book, 
like  references to the 
High Uinta Project in Backpacker Magazine 
A full-page spread color photo & article from
The Salt Lake Tribune, 
plus articles on: 
Personal Locater Beacons, a 
Tie Hacker Museum in Wyoming
Another article about me  in 
Combat Handguns magazine, 
The Legend of Big & Little Foot,  
The Central Utah Project
Visions of Nature, 
Mosaic of hundreds of High Uinta Friends,  
High Altitude Sickness
and a big section with all my secrets on the 
with  pictures below used in that story of my struggle to remain active and useful, 
which likely will enhance your life too! 
Just for health and longevity purposes 
Bill does have a lot more hair than me, but also too much other stuff!

Only the original book also has a  14 page index.  

For either of the books below:

Above we see the hardcover version that has better paper and wonderful color reproduction. Both hardcover and paperback are  large format 8.5" x 11.5".  Go to Amazon for details.  

If, for whatever reasons you still want the original as offered already, follow the instructions below.

To acquire a digital copy of the 730 page ebook, send me $30 and your email address to:
Cordell M. Andersen
444 Elm St.
American Fork, Utah 84003
On receipt of your order I will immediately email you a link to download the book to your computer along with my permission to share the link with one other friend.

For a print copy in two volumes as seen above the spiral version 
is the most practical as pages will remain open.  
The other version is mainly for libraries with a place 
to list call numbers.
Every library in the U.S. should have this book as 
there is no other book  about the 
 that even comes close. 

I do not personally handle orders for print copies anymore as I did in the beginning for about 60 more than willing to pay big bucks to get it, but now suggest my favorite printer below.  Prices in the beginning were relatively low as I got a quantity discount for the 60 who were willing to pay almost anything, but prices have risen a lot, so you will have to talk to the printer....but for a single copy you can expect the cost  to be around $200.  They do excellent color reproduction with great paper.  
Also they can do a black & white version that will cost about 1/3rd of what color will cost.  

Of course you can get it done at your favorite printer by taking to the printer a thumb drive with the book.  If you go to Office Max, remember my experience is that they printed all the pictures too dark, so give strict instructions to avoid that and get better color reproduction.  
Best call COPYTEC.

Throughout the 2024 season I will persist 
 doing my daily hikes to keep my body and mind from going to sleep, by keeping  track of all the plants, insects, mammals,  repitles, lichens, rocks,  and now BIRDS too,...... 

.....and not stop until having created a printable book with page numbers and index documenting like no one has done before the 
.......that I promise will WOW you unless you still need to take a testosterone booster!

Check here and on.....once in a while



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